Providing healthy food for a growing world population, reducing food losses and waste, boosting productivity under changing climatic and economic conditions, safeguarding biodiversity, using a broad range of genetic resources, ensure access to data and technological innovations to all farmers worldwide, fighting globally spreading pests and diseases: Such challenges cannot be tackled by sole fighters, in fact smart team play is required for progress and real impact. Hence in 2011 the G20 states decided to break new ground in developing joint agricultural research strategies as well as in implementing new cooperation formats.